Level of education

TL1 Predoctoral Program trainees must be enrolled in a clinical doctoral degree program in medicine, physical therapy, occupational therapy, biomedical engineering, social work, pharmacy, audiology and communication sciences, veterinary medicine, or another allied health profession.

  • Students enrolled in a dual Doctoral/Bachelor’s degree program must complete 120 credit hours in their degree program prior to beginning their TL1 appointment.
  • PhD students are eligible for the Standard TL1 Program, but do not meet program requirements for the Intensive TL1 Program.


Eligible applicants must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession an Alien Registration Receipt Card (I-151 or I-551) or other legal verification of admission for permanent residence. Non-citizen nationals are persons born in lands that are not States but are under U.S. sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration (e.g., American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible.

Professional effort

All trainees are required to pursue their research training full-time, normally defined as 40 hours per week.

Federal funding

Individuals supported by other Federal funds are not eligible for concurrent trainee support to be provided by the TL1 Program.